__Note to parents__

__Chapter 2: Exploring what it means to know and do mathematics__

Doing maths is like coming up with ways to solve a problem to see if it the answers makes sense or bring us to a solution. In maths, there are many terms that can be used to describe a formula. In order to do that, a good classroom environment that encourages learning mathematics is important.

There are two theories that are being used by researchers to show how the students learn maths. constructivism originated from Jean Piaget where he said that children are not plan slate and they crate their own learning. This is can work in two ways which is assimilation and accommodation where new concepts works with prior knowledge and the brain will place the existing schema.

The other theory that was being used is the social cultural theory where mental processes exist between among people in the social learning settings. In another words, the information that was being taught in class would internalised depending of the learner's zone of proximal development (ZPD). with ZPD, the learner is able to learn on his or her own having receiving help from external factors like peers and teachers. with leaners being able to utilise their own ZPD, they will be able to learn better.

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